Please note: Brackets around a hyperlink indicate
that it has been dead or out of working at the time of updating this
webpage. If the connection cannot be reestablished after some time, the
link will be removed from the webpage.
Labyrinth - a good search engine for medieval studies, including religion
and art; comprehensive database
under construction. (Associated with Georgetown University, Washington D.C.).
links in Internet - a huge collection of links to everything
regarding The orthodox Church. Geographical index. A lot of links to
contemporary icon painters/workshops/galleries. (Bialystok-Gdansk
Diocese of Orthodox Church in Poland).
The intention of this collection of
references to icons is to make available to the visitor the rich world of
the icons of The Orthodox Church. You may want to make yourself acquainted
with the liturgical use of icons or you may just wish to rest a little
while in communication with the icon. Be welcomed!
When in the annotations the picture quality of the icons are referred to, what it meant is only the technical representation of the icon on the screen. There will be no comments to the quality of the icon as such!
All of the icons on this webpage can now be
seen enlarged. To avoid typing on the pages with the enlarged icons, the
links to the websites, from where they originate, will be directly
activated by clicking on the enlarged icon.
Early Christian and Byzantine Image Pages - a comprehensive and absolutely beautiful website, connected with a course. A goldmine of frescoes, mosaic works, jewelry, textiles, ikons, illuminated manuscripts, churces, monasteries and a great lot of other images. Large files of very fine picture quality. Most icons are collected in the sektions "Sinai Icons", "Festival Icons" (3 pages), "The Theotokos", "Christ" and "Contemporary Russian Art". (Prof. Joe Byrne, Belmont University, Tennessee).
Icons of Bosnia-Herzegovina - an excellent site with a detailed text about churches, monasteries and icons in the area. Beautiful old icons from the 16th - 19th centuries. Good picture quality. In addition one is given an impression of the effects of war on the religious life and art. (Svetlana Rakic, fled from Sarajevo in 1992, now associated with Franklin College, Indiana).
Belarusian School of Icon Painting - a collection of fine old icons with descriptions of each image. The icons are from an area presumably not known to many people. Very good picture quality. Text about ikonography and the right use of icons. (Belarus - White Russia).
Macedonian Icons - here you will find a small collection of old Macedonian icons. Small images, but with description of each icon.
Sacred Art Gallery
- a very large private collection of icons from c.1650 to 1918. The icons
are placed chronologically, displaying the oldest ones first. Please
notice: This website is very suitable for education because of its
detailed description of each of the 84 icons. Excellent quality of images enlarged.
(James and Tatiana Jackson Collection, Cedar Falls, Iowa - the collection
is part of James Jacksons antique shop website) .
Ethiopian Icons - interesting small collection of Ethiopian Icons. Two sections: 1) "Faith" contains the exhibition of the icons and 2) "Science", where one can see a treatment case study. (National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution).
Ethiopian Icons through the Centuries - a small collection of Ethiopian Icons from the 14th-18th century. Some miniatures in Bibles and service books. (Prof. Christopher Haas, Villanova University, Pennsylvania).
Kultura-Extra Online-Magazin - this magazine of culture contains an article about Russian icons and a representation of half a dozen icons. Only in German. (Editional main office: Tübingen, Germany).
The Icons of
St. Catherine's Monastery - an exhibition of the very old icons of
the St. Catherine Monastery in Sinai, including text about iconography and
information about each icon. See also
Gallery. (John Watson for Tour Egypt).
Byzantium - a
long informative article dealing with a great part of the icons from the
exhibition of the Metmuseum, "Faith and Power 1261-1557" (see above). The
icons are shown in a low resolution, yet the picture quality is good.
(Carter B. Horsley, The City Review Inc., New York).
B. Icons: limited information
Gallerie di Palazzo Leoni
Montanari - a comprehensive collection of around 130 icons from
the 13th to the 20th century lies here on display as a permanent
exhibition. Fine quality of the images. The information about the icons is
in Italian, but the dates of the icons are easily recognized. (The Museum
of Banca Intesa, Italy).
Serbian Orthodox Diocese
- a collection of (partly damaged) Serbian
icons. Fine quality of images.
Contains for example
throrough descriptions of some monasteries, illustrated by pictures.
Introductions to the history and the culturel inheritance of Kosovo and
Metohia illustrated by icons. (Serbian Orthodox Diocese of Raska and
The Russian Icons Gallery
- Japanese website, click on "Plates" to see icons. Short
English and French text.
World's Great Madonnas - a collection of historical images of the Virgin, including a couple of icons. The index page is focused on the annunciation and the birth of Jesus. More interesting may be the "archive of past images", an archive, to which a new madonna image has been added every week since July 1999. A spectacular collection of large fine picture files, unfortunately without any information.
Lemko Icons -
here one finds 7 very beautiful icons from Polish museums. Large files
of a fine quality. In addition a long article about ikonography. (Walter
Maksimovich, Kensington MD, USA).
Icon Painting in Belarus - here one can find 92 interesting and somewhat "different" icons from the 15th - 18th centuries. Really nice image enlargements! For information about Belarus (White Russia) see above (Belarusian School of Icon Painting).
Icons of the Church Year - the icons at this place are organized
according to the church year. There are links to texts about most of the
various feastdays, that is, the icons are placed in their right context,
but there are no datings! Both the new and the old icons are of good image
Coptic Icons and Texts - a nice small collection with some information about each image, but no datings! (The Institute for Antiquity and Christianity, California).
Russian Icons -
Olga's Gallery - a very beautiful gallery with many of the
classical Russian icons in excellent enlargements. There are 3 sections
plus special pages, including short biographies, about Theophanes, Andrei
Rublev og Dionysius.
Icons from Struga (Macedonia) - a small collection with some information. (Father Stefan Sandzhakoski).
Gallery of Medieval Images - a collection of more than 100 images of icons, frescoes, miniatures and mosaics from many different countries. Many early icons with very brief information. Rather small enlargements of the images. "Gallery of Medieval icons" is part of a commercial website (Christian Icons and Frescoes Studio - see below). It is interesting to see which of the medieval icons has been used as models for contemporary icon painting. (St. Luke Icon Painting Studio, St. Petersburg).
Our Lady of Balamand - this monastery in the Northern part of Lebanon exhibits a small collection of icons. There are some iconographic information, but no dates of the icons. (Our Lady of Balamand Patriarchal Monastery, Lebanon)
Icônes de Tver - here you will find a lot of magnificent icons from Tver. Most of them are from the 15th - 16th centuries. Fine image quality. The icons seem to be scanned from a book about the icons of Tver, may be by an enthusiast from South Korea. Short text in French.
The Northern Letters - introduction to a small exhibition
of icons from the Nothern parts of Russia. Most of the icons are dating
from the 16th century; some are without a date. Low resolution and varied
image quality. (State Museum and Exhibition Center Rosizo, Moscow).
The Irkutsk Art Museum - a small nice collection of icons from the 15th-18th centuries. Fine picture quality. (The Art Museum of Irkutsk, Siberia).
Old Russian Icon Painting - displays a nice collection of icons from the 14th-19th centuries. (The Sergiev Posad State History and Art Museum-Reserve, Moskva regionen).
McGhee Collection of Icons - a nice collection, which is displayed here in very small images (c. 20KB). (Fred Jones Jr. Museum of Art, University of Oklahoma).
Iconography - here one can enjoy an exhibition of several hundreds of icons, primarily from the 14th to the 17th century. Very fine image quality. For a start click on Иконография. The navigation may seem somewhat disorderly; the folders have been organized by topics, so some icons may pop up more than one time. Information in Russian about date and place (the original and the present place of each icon). Bibliography. Search. You may use a programme such as Free Translation Online, which offers a quick translation from Russian to English. This website is highly recommended!
Christianity in icons, murals & mosaics - an exhibition of a around three hundred old icons from the hands of the famous masters and from the great icon schools. The image quality is mostly okay. The gallery is organized by topics, but one can also browse the gallery by schools, by authors, by current locations such as cathedrals, monasteries, museums etc. The intrance "by groups" shows how the icons are placed together in the iconostasis. Please notice that the Russian section of the website shows more icons than the English section. A tour into these webpages is recommended!
image - a huge collection of
primarily old icons. Rather small files. Picture quality mostly okay. Image
information about quite a lot of the icons. One is invited to vote or write
ones opinion of each icon.
The Moscow Kremlin - the museum exhibits a page containing 7 small icons.
Saint Andrey Rublyov's Icons
- here one can look at 17 nice
icons by Rublev. The images are of a good quality and can be enlarged
twice (the second time: click on
Only in Russian.
Russian Art XII-XVII Centuries - the museum exhibits some very fine icons. (The State Tretyakov Gallery).
Palech Icons - a collection of icons from Palech from the 17th-19th centuries. No systematic list. Some images are not the very best picture quality. Slow downloading. Most icons are from the State Museum of Palekh Art.
Odigia Ikonenmuseum - an exhibition of old icons, e.g. John the Baptist. Illustrative examples of restoration. Information unfortunately only in Dutch. Images of nice picture quality. (Odegia Institute, Haag, The Netherlands).
Culture of Russia - an extensive and marvellous exhibition of the famous beauties of Russian icons. Apart from the frontpage, this website is only in Russian, and navigation is a bit difficult. But it is absolutely worth it to have some patience here. You may try to insert Russian seach words such as Икона - Богоматерь - Спас (that is: the words for icons, Gods Mother and Christ - copy them from here); in this way you will get many more results.
Old Russian Icons, Frescoes, Mosaics - the instance page of this website is extremely modest, but have a look behind and you will see a treasure of the old "classic" Russian icons in an excellent and high resolution picture quality. There are 6 sections in Russian. Please, use a translation programme such as Free Translation Online. The contents of the 6 sections is: Very early icons, Moscow icons, Novgorod icons, Theophanes, Andrei Rublev og Dionysius. Highly recommended. (Alexander Stoll).
The Embroidered Picture - a visit here is a must! The old classical icons exhibited here are of the very best picture quality! Take notice, please, downloading the enlargements, that they are of a very high resolution. There are 4 sections: Christ, Mother of God, St. John the Baptist and Angles. Actually this website is devoted to embroidery. Hajdar Natalia Aleksandrovna is an artist of "icon embroidery". Besides she exhibits outstandingly beautiful antique embroidered images and objects of an excellent picture quality. Highly recommended. Only Russian.
Virtual Icon Catalogue - an impressive big collection of Russian icons, divided into sections:Old icons from the 11th-16th century (176 icons), Godmother icons (151 icons), Novgorod icons (52 icons), Pskov icons (24 icons), Tver icons (44 icons) and Paul Korins oldrussian collection (20 icons). Unfortunately in some of the sections the icons are rather dark, but in other sections they are of a very high quality. NB: only Russian text. However the collection is very well organized, which makes it easy to navigate the web site. The dates can be understood right away. A visit is highly recommended! (Moscow's St Mitrophan of Voronezh Church and the Church of the Annunciation of the Most Holy Theotokos in Petrovsky Park).
Web Gallery of Art - here one can find a small collection of very beautiful icons from the 13/14th-16th century. Search "icon" in title and click on "Comment" for information. The icons may be send as postcards.
Aquarium Icons - big collection of Russian icons. Many, but not all of them, are of a fine image quality (especially in the first half part of the list). Unfortunately no thumbnails. Click on the list and then click a second time to see the icon enlarged. Obs!: Information only in Russian (the reason why it is placed in this section C).
Georgian Orthodox Church - 4 pages with icons displayed at random it seems. Some interesting examples however. A part of the icons are from the 13th century. Not all of the icons are dated. Rather small sizes of files. No English.
Ikone - a big and very beautiful collection of famous as well as less known icons. Many gorgeous items from the 14th - 16th centuries. Most of the icons are of a very good image quality. Unfortunately this website is only in Russian, but datings are clear. Through the intrance page you may go to 5 different sections: Mother of God, Christ, angles, saints and festival icons. Worth a visit!
Holy Dormition Orthodox Church - a church presents its contemporary icons (nearly 50 pieces). (Holy Dormition, Cumberland, Rhode Island, part of The Orthodox Church in America).
Aleppian Icons - a very short article about Syro-Christian art, that is Aleppan icons. Except for that all text is in Syrian. One can see some icons of Chrysostomos (Orthodox Archdiocese of Aleppo, Syria).
Icons of Ancient Russia - a small collection in 2 pages of Russian icons from the 11th-16th centuries. Information only in Russian.
Orthodox Icons - this website is only for those who have got the patience to look through this large collection of icons without any thumbnails (!). One may have luck and find some very nice images. The link refers to the section with icons of the Virgin. Russian text.
Gallery on Kotlovke - this website contains several hundreds of icons, but it is not easy to navigate unless you read Russian. From the main photo page a visit may be recommended into the following collections: Архангельский собор (Arkhangelsk Cathedral), where from page 13ff a great many icons can be seen. That section also includes liturgical objects, frescoes etc. of a fine picture quality. The most comprehensive exhibition of icons one can find in the section Кострома (Kostroma). Almost all of the icons are earlier than 1800. The section Переславль (Pereslavl) contains some very beautiful icons in between a lot of other objects. Also in Данилов монастырь (Danilov Monastery) fine icons can be seen. Dates and information about the main part of the icons, and only in Russian. A more direct way may be to write Икона into the search.
Andrey Rublyov Icons - here one can look at some of the famous icons, for example from the deesis row 1408 in The Dormition Cathedral, Vladimir. Nice enlargements. (Belarus).
Russian Icon Photo - here one can see a lot of photo prints of some of the most well known Russian icons. Nice picture quality. Slow speed. No info. Only in Russian.
Live Journal - Russian chat forum, where people have inserted many beautiful icons, some of them in a very big resolution of an excellent quality. Most of the icons have got dates. Please in particular notice the icons posted by John Petrov. Navigating this website is easy. You simply go backwards from the mainpage (the page of the day) by the link "go:earlier" at the bottom of the pages. This chat forum is worth a visit!
Please remember: When in the annotations the picture quality of the
icons are referred to, what it meant is only the technical
representation of the icon on the screen. There will be no comments to the
quality of the icon as such!
1. Antique shops and auction houses
Sancta - this shop offers a big collection of icons for sale in 4 different websites. Most of the icons are from the 19th century. Big images of a fine picture quality. One can see many interesting details in excellent enlargements! Many of the icons are "folk icons" and not all of the icons are in a good state of repair, which is reflected in the price. The oldest and most expensive icons are exhibited here. Nice layout. You may also visit the other websites of Sanctas: here and here. (Edgaras Mickevicius, Antique Shop in Lithuania).
Antique shop - exhibition of several hundred icons, nearly all of them from the 19th century (the shop says that 70% of the icons are from the 19th century, but that is not the case regarding the online collection at least). Some of the first displayed icons have not been photographed right on and some are unsharp, but there are many pieces of a fine image quality, and there are many beautiful icons to buy in this shop. (Tallinn, Estonia).
Artantique - an excellent exhibition of icons from the 19th century. Fine enlargements of a good picture quality (except for a few). Nice layout. English version. (Moscow).
True Russian Icons - an
exhibition of icons of a fine quality. Information including some
descriptions of the images. High resolution pictures. New exhibitions
twice a year. Have a look!
Tóth-Ikonen - here you will find a small nice collection of Russian icons. Most of the icons are of a fine image quality, but some look unsharp. (Ferenc and Christel Tóth, Amsterdam).
Morsink Ikonen - many high quality icons, including quite a lot of early ones, offered for sale. The new ones can be seen in a very high resolution. Only short information. (Jan Morsink, Amsterdam).
Auktionshaus Zeller - this auction house displays icons for sale as well as sold icons as far back as 2002. Click on the auction catalogs and scroll down to "Ikonen". The oldest and most expensive icons one can find in auktion 72. The picture quality of most of the icons is okay. Medium images. (Michael Zeller, Lindau, Germany).
Antique Icons - this monastery has got some Russian icons from the 18th to the 19th century for sale. Fine enlargements of most of the images. (Holy Cross Monastery, West Virginia, US).
Russian auction house. Scroll down the page and enjoy the 23 icons (of
the autumn 2005 collection), including some highlights from the 16th and
the 17th centuries. English text in some of the pages. If you don't mind
the Russian pages you may also look
here. One may read about the collection
Iconastas of Piccadilly - an exhibition of a great deal of icons from the 17th century and later times. Short information about each icon. Rather small image files. The picture quality not impressive, unsharp as many of the icons appear. (London).
Ikonengalerie Loerke - a small exhibition. Small files of a varied picture quality. Some information including dates. (Marc Loerke, Velden, Germany).
Milatz Ikonen -
here you will find descriptions of the images. Nice examples are
displayed, though unfortunately quite a lot is of no good picture quality.
The icons which have been sold are maltreated by big sold strips across
the images. (Heerhugowaard,
Russian Art - a big private collection of Russian icons for sale. Organized into sections according to centuries. No further information. Images somewhat blurred. (Berne, Switzerland).
H.W.C. Dullarert - antique shop in Amsterdam, with many fine antique icons for sale. Unfortunately the icons are displayed in a very low resolution, and the picture quality is no good.
Ikonen-Galerie Horst R.Schmied - a well organized exhibition of around 50 icons from the 16th-19th century. A separate section of brass icons. Some of the icons are very small and/or blurred. Not many replacements in this German website. (Bad Griesbach).
Carlo Teardo Antiquario - here one will find many nice icons for sale. The icons are displayed in high resolution, most of them are of a good picture quality. Descriptions only in Italian, but click on the right side of the mouse and go to "Translate into English". Unfortunately the icons are defaced by the trade mark of the company. (Milano, Italien).
Ikonenhandel Grassmann - a small exhibition of icons nicely represented. (Berlin).
Brenske Gallery - a rather extensive selection of icons, mostly from the 19th century. Small images, not the very best picture quality. (Stefan Brenske, Munich & Hannover, Germany, also in Zurich, Switzerland).
Russian-Antique - many of the icons here unfortunately are not displayed in a frontal way, but one can see many fine details. (New York).
The Russian Store - this exhibition quite nice, good quality images, descriptions of the icons and a number of original articles on related subjects. (Palm Beach, Florida).
Damascene Gallery - online shop features some authentic antique icons, new hand-painted icons and high quality printed icons on wood. (New Jersey, US).
Senasis Kuparas - this antique shop is a bit hesitating included here. Exhibition of many icons, with several details, but dates are missing! Not all icons of the best picture quality. Not much replacement of the contents in this website. (Vilnius, Lithuania).
Antikhof Neuenstein - small online exhibition. Rather small images, but full descriptions! No updating for a long time. (Neuenstein, Germany).
2. Contemporary icon painters
Iconofile Resource Guide - helpful guide to find painters, fiber artists and metal workers in sacred art.
Painting Workshop - in this
workshop there are 14 icon painters working, drawing icons of a rarely
high quality. You may find some very exquisite works.
Russian Icon" Moscow Icon-painting Center - this website contains contemporary icons of a high standard together with some articles about the situation of icon painting today. Unfortunately many links are out of function. You may visit the Russian page, where especially the section with St. Georg exhibits some excellent old icons. Russian and English.
Icon-painting Workshop Ekaterina
- Russian workshop exhibiting contemporary icons. Only in Russian, but
you may navigate through the (approximate) English words in the adresses
of the different links on the menu. Click on gallery, on restoration and
archive to see fine examples of icons from the nineties till now and
also quite a lot of illustrating examles of restoration of damaged icons.
Orthodox Icons Today - a small exhibition of Fedor Streltsov's modern icons. Nice images. (Moscow).
Christian Fresco and Icons Studio - next to the contemporary icons are shown various medieval icons that have served as models and inspiration for the modern icon writers. Some photos of churches with modern icons can be seen. (St. Luke Icon Painting Studio, St. Petersburg).
Heavenly Art - Vivian Karayiannis exhibits here her fine collection of Byzantine icons. Short article about iconography. (Houston).
Atelier Saint-André - this workshop is a community of traditional Byzantine iconographers who follow the teachings of Egon Sendler. The website contains a full and interesting instruction of icon painting step by step including many illustrations.
Website of Maria Poltorak - a fine little gallery. Maria Poltorak is a member of the prestigious Union of Artists of Russia. She is the artist behind numerous works in churches and in private posession throughout Russia and abroad.
Moscow Ikonopisnaja Workshop - here one finds an exhibition of fine modern icons. The workshop has been part of many exhibitions. It is a member of "The Orthodox Brotherhood of Icon Painters In the name of St. Andrey Rublyov". Only in Russian.
Orthodox Icons Of Olympia - a nice exhibition of icons painted in acrylic and gold leaf on gessoed wood. (Heather Williams Durka, Olympia, Washington, US).
Icons of Henk Roersma
- this icon painter is an
auto-didact who has been painting for 32 years. He has had several
exhibitions. Very fine work indeed. (Lunteren, Netherlands).